We all have experienced back pain sometime in our lives. One of the most common ways to treat this condition is through pain medication. However, there are various methods you can use to treat this condition without using these things. Our professionals at Cawley Physical Therapy and Rehab are experienced in treating back pain using solid physical therapy techniques. But this form of treatment is just one of the best practices in treating back pain. Before we examine these methods, let’s take a further look at the back’s anatomy and common causes of back pain.

Anatomy of the Back, Pelvis & Spine

Our backs consist of a spinal column, or the backbone, and the pelvis. One of the key sections of this vertebral column is your lower back, which is also called the lumbar spine. This lumbar spine is composed of five vertebrae, L1 to L5 from superior to inferior. The pelvis is composed of two pelvic bones, the sacrum, and the coccyx. You can examine this photo which further outlines the full scope of your back’s anatomy.

Motions of your Back

The main movements of your back include bending forward, or flexion, side bending, bending backward, or extending, and rotating. The joints between the vertebrae in the thoracic section allow your back and spine to do all of these things. These joints give flexibility to your back.

Top Causes of Back Pain

Millions of Americans suffer from lower back pain. This inflicting, painful problem comes with a lot of causes. Let’s examine some of these further. We will learn about what parts of the back and spine these causes specifically impact.

  • Sciatica pain – This condition inflicts pressure on the sciatic nerve causing serious pain. It runs down on one or both legs from the lower back.  he herniated disc or bone spur in the spine presses on the nerve, causing this back pain condition.
  • Spinal stenosis – When the spaces within your spine become narrower, this condition starts to occur. These narrowed spaces put pressure on the nerves that travel through your spine. The symptoms for spinal stenosis include numbness and pain within both your arms and legs.
  • DJD – Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD) is the most common joint disorder among adults in their 60’s. It is also referred to as OA or osteoarthritis. Flexible tissues at the ends of bones in the lower back wear down.
  • DDD – Degenerative Disc Disease, or DDD, involves osteoarthritis of the spine within the lower back. The discs between the vertebrae lose cushioning, fragmentation and herniation. These occurrences are normally related to aging.
  • Bulging disc – This herniated disc condition occurs when its soft center pushes through a crack in the tougher exterior casing. Some bulged discs in the spine can result in pain and numbness in an arm or leg.
  • Sacroiliac joint pain – Also known as sacroiliitis, is felt in the lower back and buttocks. It is caused by damage or injury to the joint between the spine and hip. It can be similar to the herniated disc condition.

Now that we know its common causes, let’s examine some best practices in treating back pain without medication.

Methods of Reducing Back Pain

One of the best ways of reducing back pain without medication is physical therapy. However, there are other beneficial ways of treating your pain. Some of these methods include:

  • Massage
  • Soft tissue mobilization
  • Class IV Laser
  • Cupping

However, physical therapy incorporates aerobic exercising, core strengthening, and retrains your posture. Exercise restores strength to support the joints.  Our team at Cawley Physical Therapy & Rehab provides individualized one-on-one attention to each of our patients suffering from back pain based on their needs.  For more information about our physical therapy services, call CPTR at 570-208-2787 or email us at cawleyptfrank@gmail.com.